GI represents a key ally in urban climate change mitigation and adaptation. The network of multifunctional green spaces that cross our cities help to reduce the impacts of the urban heat island effect, surface water flooding, biodiversity loss and poor air quality, alongside providing a raft of other benefits.
An example of GI is a living roof, which is when the roof of a building is partially or completely covered with vegetation. These are used to recreate conditions found at biodiverse brownfield sites or other species-rich habitats. They can be created on any roof space, domestic or commercial, rural or urban.
Other examples include making sure the right greenery is planted, choosing appropriate plants that add nature conservation value, encouraging locally important invertebrates, birds and other wildlife.